In Great Expectations, Charles Dickens’ coming-of-age novel of poverty and charity, the narrator and main character, Pip, steals food from his aunts for an escaped convict. Pip describes his pilfered loot thus:
“I stole some bread, some rind of cheese, about half a jar of mincemeat…some brandy from a stone bottle…a meat bone on it, and a beautiful round compact pork pie. I was nearly going away without the
pie,but was tempted to mount upon a shelf, to look what it was that was put away so carefully in a covered earthenware dish in a corner, and I found it was the pie, and I took it…”—Charles Dickens
That got us thinking about beautiful round compact pork pies!—Which aren’t really pies but are in essence, pâté en croute—sausage in a shel—a crust-coasted meatloaf, really.
The traditional English meat pie is made by surrounding a column of seasoned meat with a sticky short-dough to form a free-standing “pie” that is at once humble and awe-inspiring. Golden crust surrounds savory meat in a pillar that bridges the pastry and butcher’s arts. It can be served with or without gravy. It’s kind of a culinary triumph, but well within your grasp and absolutely perfect for a
But a successful pork pie depends heavily on controlling your temperatures. So grab your ChefAlarm®and Thermapen®Mk4 and learn how to make a beautiful meat pie that you won’t have to steal to treat your family or friends this Christmas!
Pork pie basics
English pork pies go back to at least the 14thcentury, if not much further. They are made by surrounding a column of seasoned meat with a sticky short-dough to form a free-standing pie.
Their ancestors were made with dense hot-water dough that acted as a container for the meat, helping to protect and preserve it. The crust was often actually discarded after eating the meaty filling. As with all cuisines, regional variations do exist, each with their own seasonings, shape, and mode of eating. They are often eaten cold, but in Yorkshire, they are always eaten piping hot. In some
But how do you make it? First, you make sausage.
As you may have read in our post on homemade bratwursts, the steps in making can be boiled down to the following:
- Grind & season
We’ll obviously be omitting the ‘stuff’ step, but the rest holds true. And every one of the steps is important to achieve the proper emulsion that will ensure out filling comes out firm and juicy, not crumbled and swimming in a pool of its own fat.
By chilling both the meat and chilling our grinding apparatus before grinding, we help the emulsion to form without the fat melting out. If the fat gets warm and greasy, it will not mix in properly.
Mixing the meat well allows for the formation of myosin—a protein complex that is analogous to the gluten strands in bread dough. The mixing allows the strands to form a net that will hold onto moisture and rendered fat while the pork pie cooks.
Chill your meat well right before grinding it, and store the grinder in the freezer for at least a half hour before grinding. Don’t let anything get above 40°F (4°C). Keep your Thermapen Mk4 onhand to check temps as you go along, as the friction of mixing will tend to warm up the mixture. Use cold ingredient wherever possible in the ‘sausage’ making, and don’t hesitate to put the mixture back in the refrigerator halfway through if the temperature starts to creep above 40°F (4°C).
You can always tell how you did with your crust after the meal. If your guests leave behind empty shells of crust with the filling gone, you likely didn’t get the crust just right. What you want are clean plates where only the crumbs of the crust remain! To accomplish this, we need to keep the chewiness down and the flakiness up.
We can keep the chew-factor low by keeping everything cold while making the dough. Cut up the butter and lard into chunks and chill them well before starting. Go ahead and measure your butter or lard with your Thermapen. It should be below 40°F (4°C) when you add it to the flour. You might even chill your flour for an hour or more before you begin. Keeping the ingredients cold will cut down on the formation of gluten, which acts to toughen the crust and make it chewier. To keep the gluten down, it is also important to not over mix the dough.
To ensure flakiness, you need to use temperature sense. When you cook the pie, start it in a very hot oven, 425°F (218°C), to flash-evaporate the water in the butter and in the crust. This will create separation between the layers, creating a crisp, flaky crust. If you cook the pie at a lower initial oven temperature, the water won’t evaporate as quickly, letting the starches gel and the proteins coagulate.
Once the crust’s oven-spring is complete (after 10-15minutes), turn down the oven and cook the pie at a lower temperature (325°F [160°C]) the rest of the way.
To cook the meat the rest of the way means we need to cook it safely, but not overcook it. Insert the oven-safe probe of a ChefAlarm into the center of the pie and set the high alarm for 150°F (66°C). When the ChefAlarm sounds, verify the temperature with your Thermapen Mk4. Cooking beyond this temperature will cause all the liquid in the pie to be expelled from the meat, leaving it dry and crumbly. You want your holiday pie to be both firm and juicy!
English Pork Pie Recipe
Recipe based on one by Michael Ruhlman and Brian Polcyn
For the dough
- 8 oz(16 Tbsp) cold unsalted butter, diced
- 8 oz cold lard, diced
- 1 lb all-purpose flour
- 1 large egg
- Water, as needed
For the meat filling
- ½ C finely chopped onion
- ½ C finely diced, peeled cooking apple such as Granny Smith
- 1 Tbsp chopped garlic
- 1 Tbsp unsalted butter
- 1 ½ lb boneless pork shoulder, diced (or 1 ½ lb ground pork)
- 1 Tbsp kosher salt
- 1tsp black pepper
- ¼ tsp ground allspice
- 1 tsp fresh thyme leaves
- ½ C cold chicken stock
- 1 C diced smoked ham (optional)
- ¼ C roasted pistachios (optional)
For the eggwash
- 1 large egg yolk
- 1 egg
- 1 Tbsp whole milk
Make the pastry dough
- Combine the flour, butter, and lard in a mixing bowl. Press the flour into the butter and lard between your fingers, creating a mealy texture.
- Crack the egg into a 1-cup measure and cold add water to make 1 cup. Whisk it to combine.
- Add the water/egg mixture to the flour mixture and mix to form a paste. It will be wetter than standard pie dough.
- Divide the dough in half and wrap as a disc. Refrigerate for at least 1 hour.
To make the filling
- Freeze the grinding apparatus for your meat grinder and bowls for at least a half hour.
- Sautee the onion, garlic, and apple in the butter over medium-high heat until it is translucent but not browned. Set aside to cool and once cool, refrigerate to chill.
- Combine the cold meat, salt, pepper, allspice, and thyme in a bowl.
- Grind the meat through the fine plate of a meat grinder into a bowl set in ice. (If using pre-ground pork, just combine the seasonings with the pork.)
- Add the chilled onion/apple mixture and mix by hand or
ina mixer until the meat becomes sticky and sort of fibrous looking.
- Add the cold chicken stock and mix to incorporate. (If using, mix in the ham and/or pistachios.) Cover and refrigerate.
To make the pie
- Preheat an oven to 425°F(220°C).
- Flour a work surface and roll out half the dough into a 12-inch circle. (It should be about 1/8” thick.)
- Transfer the dough circle to a baking sheet.
- Shape the meat mixture into a 5-inch disk that is about 2-3 inches thick in the center of the dough circle.
- Lift the edges of the dough circle to partially wrap the meat in
dough. The dough will not fully cover the meat.
- Roll out the second half of the dough until 1/8” thick.
- Cut a 6-inch circle from the dough. Cut a 2-inch circle from its center. Save the extra dough for another purpose.
- Prepare the eggwash by whisking together all the ingredients.
- Use a pastry brush to brush one side of the small dough circle with eggwash.
- Place the eggy side of the circle down on top of the meat/pastry. Crimp the edges to connect the ‘lid’ to the body of the pie.
- Brush the rest of the pie with eggwash, including the top.
- Smooth the sides of the pie, evening out the creases with your hands. The eggwash will allow you to slide your hands over the pie much l
ikea potter working with clay.
- Insert the probe from a ChefAlarm into the center of the pie through its steam vent. Set the high alarm for 150°F (65°C).
- Bake the pie in the oven for 15-20 minutes at 425°F (220°C), then turn down the oven to 325°F (160°C). You can use theChefAlarm’s built-in timer to time the first step.
- When the alarm sounds on your ChefAlarm, verify the temperature with your Thermapen Mk4.
- Remove the pie from the oven and allow to cool on the counter. If there is excess liquid pooled in the top of the pie, you can spoon some of it out for a better presentation.
- Serve, or cool completely and serve chilled.
A pork pie is a hearty, savory dish to help you abide the dark winter months, and with the added help of fast and accurate thermometers like the Thermapen Mk4 and the ChefAlarm, your success at cooking one is almost assured. So roll out the Dickens and some flaky crust and enjoy this rich treat this holiday season!
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